Libraries are storehouses of information and resources, organized systematically, and maintained by an individual, a group, or an institution, for public use. They were initially known as archives, as they also maintained a record of unpublished books. Some of the famous libraries are listed below:
1. The Royal Library of Alexandria
The Royal Library of Alexandria, located in Alexandria, Egypt, is probably known as the largest and the most famous library in the ancient world. It is said that the ancient library burned three times over the centuries. A likeness of the ancient library was built in Alexandria and was dedicated on October 16, 2002.
2. Boston Public Library
The Boston Public Library is a municipal library located in Boston, Massachusetts, a city in the United States. It opened in 1895. It was the first municipal library in the United States and the first one to loan books and other material to the public. According to a general survey, this library has a collection of 6.1 million books.
3. Bodleian Library
Bodleian Library is mainly used as a research library by Oxford University. Bodleian Library is a copyright library, which means it has a right to every book published in the United Kingdom. The Bodleian Library was designed by the architect, Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. Construction was completed in 1940.
4. The British Library
The British Library was set up in 1973 and is one of the world’s greatest libraries. This library has PACCAR gallery of living and workshop of words. The sounds and images offer displays and different programs at the theme exhibitions. They also have a wide collection of stamps of the world which are on display for visitors. The library also offers events like music and discussions.
5. Celsus library
Celsus Library is world famous for its beautiful structures in Ephesus. This place was basically a monumental tomb of the governor of the Province of Asia, Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus. There is a statue of Athena at its entrance as she is the Goddess of Wisdom. The library has more than 12,000 scrolls. It is considered the third richest library of ancient times.
6. Folger Shakespeare Library
Folger Shakespeare Library opened in 1932 in Washington DC in the United States. It is known for the largest collection of the printed works of Shakespeare. This library offers the public advanced programs, Shakespeare education, poems, plays and lectures. This library is privately administered by the trustees of Amherst College.
7. The Library of Congress
The Library of Congress is the oldest federal institution in the United States and is famous as a research library. It is the largest library in the world, with three buildings, and has the largest number of books. The Library of Congress was established in 1800 in Washington D.C., the capital of the United States. This library is open to the public, but only high ranking government officials are allowed to use it.
8. The National Library of Canada
The National Library of Canada is located on Ottawa’s Wellington Street and was established in 1953 by an act of Parliament. The Governor in Council is in charge of the National library and he reports to the Parliament through the Minister of the Canadian Heritage. Since this is the National Library of Canada, it plays a prime role in preserving the legal and comprehensive collection of materials including musical works that were published in Canada.
9. National Szechenyi Library
National Szechenyi Library is Hungary’s largest library. It is located in the Royal Palace. It contains material from the Great Corviniani Collection of King Matyas. This is a reading library, open to visitors. One must purchase a ticket before entering the facility.
10. The New York Public Library
The New York Public Library, located in the United States, is one of the important research libraries in the world. It has one of one of the largest research systems. It is a non profit corporation and is privately managed. It is the twenty-sixth largest library in the United States, according to the American Library Association.