The countries must honor their past in order to preserve it. That is why, in this article we will talk about the several historical buildings and sites. You might have seen the national monuments in Pakistan. These monuments of Pakistan are primarily restricted to sites and buildings which identify with the leaders or event that took place during partition. Apart from that, there are many other sites that are having the glorious offerings of their own. We have provided a list of the most important buildings of Pakistan below. In this list, you will find the places from all of the provinces of Pakistan.
1. Ali Masjid
Ali Masjid is a mosque that is situated along the Khyber Pass. Khyber Pass passes through the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan. A legend said that this mosque derives its name from the Islamic caliph, Hazrat Ali; local traditions put that he traveled the area. It is not confirmed whether it is true or false but the mosque is spectacular and it also serves as a stopping point along the way. The mosque has provided a gateway to the empires.
This monument is not completed till now but the Bab-e-Pakistan monument presents to honor the thousands of Muslim families who migrated from India to the newly-created state of Pakistan in 1947. This monument is located in Lahore and the plan was originally envisaged under the military regime of Zia-ul-Haq. Though the construction had not been completed due to the subsequent political tussles and hence the project is still not completed.
You must have heard about Minar-e Pakistan that literally means the “Tower of Pakistan.” This Minar was completed during a time period of eight years from 1960 to 1968. The monument is located in the same area where the famous Lahore Resolution was passed in 1940. In this resolution, for the first time a separate land was demanded by the Muslims of subcontinent; hence, fusing the creation of Pakistan. Hence, it holds a great importance in the history of Pakistan. When Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee visited Pakistan, he went to the tower which washed away any misconception of India’s reluctance in accepting Pakistan as an independent state.
4. Pakistan Monument
The Pakistan Monument has been completed in a period of three years from 2004 to 2007. It presents the four provinces of Pakistan. Pakistan Monument is located at a public park in Pakistan and it is a great source of attraction for the visitors who are amazed at its architectural brilliance. The interior of its huge petals is decorated with beautiful Islamic murals.
5. Lahore Fort
As obvious from its name, this fort is situated in the city of Lahore. It is one of the most visited places in the old Lahore. Though, the fort has been originated since long time but the present structure is said to have been built by the Mughal emperor Akbar. The Lahore Fort acted as a geo-strategic site that met Kashmir, the Afghan areas, and Multan. The fort is decorated with Mughal architecture; the Fort complex includes such architectural marvels as Sheesh Mahal (Palace of Mirrors) and Badshahi Mosque.
6. Shalimar Bagh
Shalimar Bagh has been built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It is one of the most beautiful places in Pakistan. A large number of visitors are attracted by its gardens and refreshing fountains. Shalimar Bagh has three levels of garden terraces which were watered by a canal; which also waters the exquisite marble terrace. The site has a total of 410 fountains at all levels and a large variety of fruit trees.
7. Quaid's Residency
Quaid’s residency is located in Ziarat which is a hill station in Balochistan province. The founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last days of his life in this residency. The health of Jinnah was getting worst day by day so he was recommended a rest and Ziarat was the best choice for its fragrance and fresh mountain air. There, the Residency, a wooden structure, provided the founder with the perfect place to take rest.
8. Iqbal's Tomb
The tomb of Allama Muhammad Iqbal is located at Lahore and it is an important national monument. The tomb is situated in the Hazuri Bagh between the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque. The tomb is set in beautiful red sandstone. The importance of Iqbal to Pakistan shows historical significance of this building.
9. Islamia College
Nawab Sir Sahabzada Abdul Qayyum and Sir George Roos Kepel established Islamia College in 1913. It is located in Peshawer. The idea of Abdul Qayyum who was an educationist-cum-politician, was to build an educational institute that gives modern education to the Muslims. The students of Islamia College played an important role in the independence for Pakistan. Jinnah also visited this college three times.
Mazar-eQuaid is located in Karachi. It is the tomb of founder of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It was established in 1970 and it is an iconic representation of the city of Karachi. Prominent leaders visit the site every year on special occasions for paying tribute to Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Some other prominent personalities like Liaqat Ali Khan, Abdur Rab Nishtar, Fatima Jinnah, and Nur-ul-Amin are also buried in the same mausoleum.